Biblical Oil: Myrrh

“All your robes are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces adorned with ivory the music of the strings makes you glad.” Psalm 45:8

myrrhWhere does Myrrh come from?

In biblical times, Myrrh is believed to have come from the Balsamodendron myrrha tree and is the gum, resin, or white liquid that flows from bark when it is cut.

What is the Hebrew word? There are two Hebrew words for Myrrh:

1) môr = an Arabian gum from the bark of a tree, used in sacred oil and in perfume 2)lôt = an aromatic gum exuded by the leaves of the rock rose

How many references are there to môr and lôt in the Old Testament? 14


Exodus 30:23

Esther 2:12

Psalm 45:8

Proverbs 7:17

Song of Solomon 1:13, 3:6, 4:6, 4:14, 5:1, 5:5, 5:13


Genesis 37:25, 43:11

What is the Greek word? There are two Greek words for Myrrh.

1) smurna = a bitter gum and costly perfume

2) smyrnízō = to mix and flavor with myrrh

How many references are there to smurna and smyrnízō in the NT? 3


Matthew 2:11

John 19:39


Mark 15:23

MyrrhHistorical Uses
: Holy Anointing Oil (Exodus 30:23), Perfume (Esther 2:12, Psalm 45:8, Proverbs 7:17), Gift of the Magi (Matthew 2:11), Offered to Jesus on the cross (Mark 15:23), Embalming (John 19:39)

Modern Day Uses: Cough, Cuts and Wounds, Dermatitis, Diarrhea, Gum/Mouth Problems, Hemorrhoids, Indigestion, Skin Disorders, Stomach Ache, Yeast Infection

Plant Properties: Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antibiotic, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Astringent, Decongestant, Expectorant, Sedative

Amazing Fact: Along with Myrrh’s ability to lower “bad cholesterol” (LDL) and soothe a body’s inflammatory response, Myrrh is another oil known for it’s cancer-fighting abilities.

In 2001, Mohamed M. Rafi, Ph.D. and Chi-Tang Ho, Ph.D. identified that, “The myrrh compound appears to kill cancer cells by inactivating a specific protein, called Bcl-2, which is overproduced by cancer cells, particularly in the breast and prostate.” Of note, some types of lymphoma (for instance, MALT – Mucosa Associated Lymphoid Tissue) are also positive for the Bcl-2 protein. (This is the kind of cancer I have!)

The case study goes on to say that an “Overproduction of this protein is believed to promote the growth of cancer cells and make cells more resistant to chemotherapy. As cancer is influenced by many mechanisms, the investigators are now in the process of trying to determine whether the compound also has other mechanisms of inhibitory action against cancer cells.”

Biblical Oil: Hyssop

“Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning.” Exodus 12:22

hyssop-225066_640Where does Hyssop come from? Belonging to the mint family, hyssop was an indigenous plant local to western Asia. The oil is extracted from the stems and leaves.

What is the Hebrew word? ‘êzôb = hyssop, a plant used for medicinal and religious purposes

How many references are there to ‘êzôb in the Old Testament? 10

Exodus 12:22, Leviticus 14:4, 14:6, 14:49, 14:51, 14:52, Numbers 19:6, 19:18, 1 Kings 4:33, Psalm 51:7

What is the Greek word? hýssōpos = hyssop

How many references are there hýssōpos to in the NT? 2

John 19:29 and Hebrews 9:19

Historical Uses: The Israelites used hyssop when they sprinkled the blood of the Passover lamb on the lintels of their doors (Exodus 12:22). Hyssop was also used in purification rites (Leviticus 14:4, 6, 51, 52), sacrifices (Numbers 19:6), and was given to Jesus on the cross with vinegar (John 19:29).

HyssopModern Day Uses: Asthma, Bruises, Colic, Coughs and Cold, Digestive Problems, Insect Repellant, Menstrual Cramps, Poor Circulation, Urinary Tract Infections

Plant Properties: Antiviral, Expectorant, Stimulant

Amazing Fact: In the early 1990’s researchers began to uncover the idea that the antiviral properties in Hyssop could be effective in helping people who are HIV Positive.

Since that time, numerous studies and clinical trials have been done to test this hypothesis. According to this Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange, “Test-tube studies show that hyssop stops the production of HIV without damaging the infected cells. These results have encouraged some people living with HIV to try the plant as an antiviral. Anecdotal reports suggest that the plant is effective in treating HIV-related infections and increasing CD4+ cell counts.”

Biblical Oil: Galbanum

“Then the Lord said to Moses, “Take fragrant spices—gum resin, onycha and galbanum—and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts, and make a fragrant blend of incense, the work of a perfumer. It is to be salted and pure and sacred. Grind some of it to powder and place it in front of the ark of the covenant law in the tent of meeting, where I will meet with you. It shall be most holy to you. Do not make any incense with this formula for yourselves; consider it holy to the Lord.” Exodus 30:34-37

galbanum planteWhere does Galbanum oil come from?

According to the King James Dictionary, in biblical times, Galbanum is believed to come from the branches of the Ferula Galbanifula, a plant that grew in Syria.

“This gum comes in pale-colored, semi-transparent, soft, tenacious masses, of different shades from white to brown. It is rather resinous than gummy, and has a strong unpleasant smell, with a bitterish warm taste. When distilled with water or spirit, it yields an essential oil, and by distillation in a retort without mixture, it yields an empyreumatic oil of a fine blue color, but this is changed in the air to a purple.”

What is the Hebrew word?chelbenâh = resin or gum

How many references are there to chelbenâh in the Old Testament? 1Exodus 30:23

What is the Greek word? liváni = resin or gum

How many references are there livánito in the NT? None

GalbanumHistorical Uses: Holy Anointing Oil (Exodus 30:23)

Modern Day Uses: Cold and Cough, Decongestant, Digestive, Intestinal Problems, Spasms, Wounds

Plant Properties: Analgesic, Anti-Arthritic, Antibacterial, Anti-Parasitic, Anti-Rheumatic, Anti-Spasmodic

Amazing Fact: In the book of Exodus, we find that galbanum was not used on its own, but rather, with a number of other plants to make the Holy Anointing Oil. What is interesting about this is that Galbanum was not known to be a beautiful scent, but rather an unpleasant and bitter scent.

The medieval French rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki (Rashi) said in his commentary on the Talmud that while Galbanum is quite bitter, it was included in the Holy Anointing Oil as a reminder of deliberate and unrepentant sinners. Jewish tradition states that the chelbenâh is in this precious oil because it represents our “bitterness” as sinners in the midst of a Holy God.

Biblical Oil: Frankincense

“On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.” Matthew 2:11

resin-59708_640Where does Frankincense come from?

Biblical Frankincense came from the resin from the Boswellia Tree and was imported from Arabia (Isaiah 60:6 and Jeremiah 6:20). It also grew in Palestine (Song of Solomon 4:14). When the resin from the Boswellia trees was burned it created a fragrant odor. Today, the frankincense essential oil we use in our home through doTERRA is sourced from the same trees in Oman.

What is the Hebrew word? lebônâh = a yellow or white resin burned as fragrant incense.

How many references are there to lebônâh in the Old Testament? 21

Exodus 30:34, Leviticus 2:1, 2:2, 2:15, 2:16, 5:11, 6:15, 24:7, Numbers 5:15, 1 Chronicles 9:29, Nehemiah 13:5, 13:9, Song of Solomon 3:6, 4:6, 4:14, Isaiah 43:23, 60:6, 66:3, Jeremiah 6:20, 17:26, 41:5

What is the Greek word? libanos = frankincense

How many references are there to libanos in the NT? 2

Matthew 2:11, Revelation 18:13

Historical Uses: Frankincense was one of the gifts of the Magi given to Jesus after his birth. An ingredient in the Holy Anointing Oil (Exodus 30:34), used with meat offerings (Leviticus 2:1, 1, 15, 16, 6:15), offering of memorial (Numbers 5:15), a perfume (Song of Solomon 3:6), and for incense (Isaiah 43:23, 60:6, 66:3, Jeremiah 6:20).

Modern Day Uses: Asthma, Bronchitis, Cuts and Wounds, Dermatitis, Indigestion, Neurological Disorders, Scarring, Skin Disorders, Sore Throat, Stomach Ache, Tumor Reduction

Plant Properties: Analgesic, Antidepressant, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Astringent, Cellular protection, Diuretic, Expectorant, Sedative

FrankincenseAmazing Fact:According to Dr. David Hill, 95% of cancers are not genetic, but rather result from damaged DNA because of free radicals, toxicity, and poor nutrition. As you may know, there is coding in our cells that can tell a cell when it is time to die off. In cancer cells, the process of cell death is blocked and is therefore very difficult to eliminate. This is why such high doses of chemo and radiation are given to patients with cancer – to force apoptosis (cell death). The problem with chemo and radiation is that in most cases, these treatments are unable to decipher between the healthy cells and the damaged cells, tissues, or organs, damaging everything in their path.

One of the most remarkable attributes of Frankincense is that this oil can actually get inside the cell and either repairs the damaged cells or, if the cell is unable to be repaired, frankincense can stimulate apoptosis.

I am a three-time cancer survivor. I’ve had radiation therapy twice, chemo once, and just celebrated 4 years in remission on July 15th. (YAY!) Unfortunately, my doctors have repeatedly told me that my cancer WILL continue to return until they find out what is causing it to occur. And, even worse, I am running out of modern-day medical solutions to treat the cancer.

I am unable to have any more radiation to my head/neck (where my cancer was found), and I had an anaphylactic reaction to the most effective chemotherapy known for my type of cancer. In fact, the chemo almost killed me. And yet, the medical research on Frankincense gives me HOPE, that what was once given to sweet Jesus may some day help eliminate a recurrence of cancer in my body.

To learn more about Frankincense, please check this fascinating webinar from Dr. David Hill’s. At about 27:30, he specifically talks about the effects of frankincense on cancer.

Biblical Oil: Cypress

“The glory of Lebanon will come to you, the juniper, the fir and the cypress together, to adorn my sanctuary; and I will glorify the place for my feet.” Isaiah 60:13

background-21643_640-2Where does Cypress come from?

Biblical Cypress was extracted from the branches and leaves of the Evergreen Cypress Tree, a native of Taurus. The most ancient living Cypress is located in Abarkooh, near Shiraz and is estimated to be approximately 4000 years old. Today, Cypress oil is extracted from Cypress Trees in Southern Europe.

What is the Hebrew word? There are 4 different Hebrew words:

1) berôsh = cypress

2) berôth = cypress, fir, juniper, pine

3) te’ashshûr = a species of tree (perhaps Cypress)

4) tirzâh = a type of tree (perhaps Cypress)

How many references are there to berôsh, berôth, te’ashshûr, tirzâh in the Old Testament?

berôsh is used 20 times:

2 Samuel 6:5, 1 Kings 5:8, 5:10, 6:15, 6:34, 9:11, 2 Kings 19:23, 2 Chronicles 2:8, 3:5, Psalm 104:17, Isaiah 14:8, 37:24, 41:19. 55:13, 60:13, Ezekial 27:5, 31:8, Hosea 14:8, Nahum 2:3, Zechariah 11:2

berôth is used once: Cypress

Song of Solomon 1:17

te’ashshûr is used 2 times:

Isaiah 41:9, 60:13

 tirzâh is used once:

Isaiah 44:14

What is the Greek word? kyparíssi = cypress

How many references are there to kyparíssi in the NT? None

Historical Uses: Purification and Ship Building

Modern Day Uses:Arthritic Pain, Asthma, Colds and Flu, Diarrhea, Excess Perspiration, Hemorrhoids, Menopause, Menstrual Problems, Muscle Pain, Sore Throat, Stress, Varicose Veins

Plant Properties:Antibacterial, Antibiotic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Diuretic, Disinfectant, Sedative

Amazing Fact: Did you know your lymphatic system is not able to drain itself, but relies on your body’s movement in order to circulate and drain properly?

This is why lymphatic massage and rebounding exercises are so effective. These two actions squeeze your lymph nodes to get all the junk out. In a similar way, Cypress can aid our lymphatic system by promoting circulation and is one of the most recommended oils for heart disease, aneurisms, neuropathy, poor circulation, Rheumatoid Arthritis, pleurisy, and preeclampsia. If you have a swollen lymph node, gently massage one drop of Cypress essential oil on it to help it drain.